Two New Student Model Tenor Saxophones

A couple of options in the current crop of student model tenor saxophones

Yesterday I did something I very seldom do: I play-tested a couple of brand new tenor saxophones. These were not pro models, but rather current student models that are targeted at beginning players. They were so new that they had never been played before, and one even still had corks holding all the keys down.

I tried both of these tenors yesterday at my tech’s shop while he spent a couple of hours working on a few of my horns. I was trying these horns out for a band colleague who is a music teacher up-country, whose school might be in the market for a couple of tenors. I asked David if he had any tenors suitable for a high school, so we dug around in his storage room to see what he had. We came up with a couple of different possibilities that I tried out. The following are my thoughts on these horns.

A couple of things of note:

  • Neither of these horns had been set up. I played them exactly as they came out of the plastic wrap.
  • I play-tested each horn with the mouthpiece that was shipped with the horn. Why? Because I only had my Dukoff D7* with me, and it didn’t fit on the corks—and it’s highly unlikely that any high school student is going to use a Dukoff on a school horn anyway. 😉
  • Both of these instruments would likely benefit from a having a good, basic mouthpiece like a Rico Graftonite B5 or Yamaha 5 or 6C mouthpiece.

Gemeinhardt GST600-LQ tenor student saxophone

student model tenor saxophones, Gemeinhardt GST600, tenor sax,


When David first told me that he had some Gemeinhardt tenors, I was confused, since I only think of them as a flute maker. He explained to me that the company is now the distributor of LA Sax, and that he ordered some of these student horns last year when he needed tenors. As it turns out, he did not need them, so all of these tenors where still sitting in their original plastic, with corks holding the keys down.

I didn’t quite know what to expect when I picked up this tenor for the first time, but I was immediately struck by three things: 1. How heavy the horn was, 2. How strangely awkward the key layout was—especially the left thumb rest and octave key lever, and 3. That it had a high F# key.

The weight, in part, can be attributed to the ribbed construction that the horn has. I noticed this immediately, and pointed this design out to David. He was quite surprised.

If you check out the Gemeinhardt website, this is what they say about their GST600-LG tenor:

This Gemeinhardt GST600-LQ tenor student saxophone features ribbed construction for added stability and durability, high F# key, front F key, steel springs, and lacquer finish. Additional features include adjusting screws and detachable bell making repairs and tune-ups easier for repair technicians. GST600-LQ comes complete with an ABS case.

Brand Gemeinhardt
Finish Lacquer
Skill Level Student
Case Type Hard-shell Plastic
Warranty 3 Year

When I played this Gemeinhardt tenor, I was quite frankly shocked. I expected it to play very badly. It didn’t. Remember it had been shipped from whatever Asian country it was in, and had sat for who knows how long in its case after being exposed to all kinds of bumping and jarring by various shippers.

This horn was very well-regulated. I could play it from top to bottom with no issues what so ever. And best of all: it was able to play 100% in tune with only very minor embouchure adjustments. A student could very easily make this horn play in tune.

I must say I was suitably impressed. The only thing I don’t know is how it would hold up over time, since David hadn’t had a chance to look at how it was constructed. Was it soft? Would it be one of those student horns that leaks all the time? Or would it hold up to the rigours of student use, and hold its regulation well?

As I mentioned at the outset, the only thing I found somewhat awkward about the Gemeinhardt GST600-LQ tenor student saxophone was the left thumb rest and octave mechanism. I don’t know who designed it, and how their thumb and hand was constructed, but for me—as a person who has played Selmer and other vintage pro horns for 30 years—I found this design just plain uncomfortable.

That being said, for a student just starting out, they are not going to be as picky as I am. For them, they would likely not have an issue with the left thumb key layout.

If I were to rate this student horn, I would give it a 3.5 out of 5. It might be higher, but I would have to know from David about how good its construction is.


Selmer Student Model TS400 Tenor Saxophone

student model tenor saxophones, Selmer TS 400, tenor sax,


The second horn I tried out is Conn-Selmer’s current student tenor offering. But if you’re like me and grew up with the old pinky-buster Bundys, you will be sadly disappointed.

These Asian-made Selmer USA student horns have the basic feel of a real Selmer horn, which gave this TS400 a leg up on its Gemeinhardt competition yesterday. Sadly that’s the only area it did better on.

Conn-Selmer USA describes their horn like this:


400 Series saxophones from Selmer will help you play like a pro right from the start. Priced to make it easy for you to get started in music, the 400 Series’ tone and features will have you sounding like you have been playing your whole life. So when you are ready to step into the spotlight, the 400 Series from Selmer will have prepared the way.


  • Rose brass neck for a warm, rich tone
  • Full rib design for a full sound
  • Angled stack for easier reach and playability
  • Double bracing to ensure seating of the pad

When I tried to play this horn the first thing I immediately noticed was how out of tune it was. I was using the mouthpiece that came with the horn, and I had it where would normally be the sweet spot on a neck (about ½ down the cork).

After trying unsuccessfully to get the mouthpiece far enough on the neck to get the sax to tune with a tuner to F# or C, David sanded down the neck cork. This particular TS400’s tuning spot was almost at the end of cork. There was only about ¼ of an inch of cork visible. And no, the cork was not shorter or thicker than normal. It was a normally sized cork on the neck. 😉

With the mouthpiece at nearly the end of the cork, I finally got this TS400 to tune to F#1 and 2, as well and C2. I then used the tuner to see how badly out of the tune horn was. It was out by 20 to 40 cents in either direction on almost all notes. Sharp, flat, flat, sharp. There seemed to be no rhyme or reason to how it played.

I could force it into tune, but a beginning student? Or a student with only a couple of years of playing under his/her belt? Forget it.

Now it is possible that some of this might be correctable through a proper set-up. However, given that I had just played its competition that came from the factory properly set up, why would someone opt for the Selmer TS400?

Perhaps this TS400 was an anomaly. Perhaps not. I don’t know. Whatever the case, it seems quality control was sadly lacking when this Selmer student tenor was sent out the factory doors.

If I was parent, and I picked one of these up, I’d be annoyed. Actually, I’d be more than annoyed, since I would most likely be looking at a neck pull down repair within the first weeks of having the horn in my house.

Looking at what these are being sold for online shocked the hell out of me. The prices I saw ranged from just under 2K to over 4K! WTF? Parents having to spend even $2,000 US on an Asian-made horn with sketchy quality control seems totally out of touch with reality.

Or maybe it’s me. Perhaps I’ve lived in vintage horn land so long, that I’ve gotten used to being able to get an amazing, albeit vintage, tenor that has been professionally restored by my tech for around $2,000. Of course vintage is not necessarily ideal for beginners, which brings us back to the current crop of student horns on the market…

So what that this TS400 is keyed to high F#. So what that it has ribbed construction. Who cares that it has a rose brass neck. If the horn won’t play in tune, all the bells and whistles in the world won’t make it a good instrument to learn on. It will however, make it an instrument that will frustrate students, music teachers, and parents alike. In the end, having a bad horn may contribute to a student giving up playing altogether.

Playing this TS400 yesterday reminded me how my very first tenor, a Bundy, might have not been the easiest instrument to play, but at least I had a fighting chance to learn how to play a saxophone in tune. With this new crop? I’m not sure I’d want to be a beginner just starting out, or a parent picking out a horn for their kid. The odds seem to be definitely stacked against you.

If I were to rate this TS400, I’d give it a 1.5 out of 5. It should have done better, but quite frankly, it being so out of tune with itself, made all the good ergos and special features irrelevant.


…this is just my blog. My “real” website is If you’re looking for sax info, you should check it out too.There’s lots there!

© 2017, Helen. All rights reserved.


Helen Kahlke is a professional horn player and sax teacher who lives in Abbotsford, British Columbia. She plays soprano, alto, C melody, tenor, baritone, and bass saxophones.


  1. Hi Helen,

    First, the new blog layout has a good vibe.

    Second, it is a good idea to start with a test of the mouthpiece delivered with the instrument.
    The spread in quality of these mouthpieces is immense.
    I guess that the last factory quality check must be with another mouthpiece.
    Therefore it makes sense to test the delivered mouthpiece first on a known saxophone.

    • You raise a good point Theo. Checking the Selmer’s MP on my Mark VI tenor (the one I had at David’s shop that day) would have been a good idea.

      However, given that they shipped their horn with that MP, it doesn’t give me a lot of faith in the quality control of their factory. Why would it? Furthermore, I’m not at all clear that these horns are play-tested in the factory. Everything about this sax screamed: I was built without a live person touching me. If there was any evidence of hand craftsmanship, it slipped past my radar.

      Psst.. Hey Conn Selmer, if someone from the company reads this, and would like to set the record straight about the conditions under which these horns are made, or how much human workmanship goes into them, please do. I’m always open to being corrected. :mrgreen:

      • Still no reaction from the factories ?

        Your experience with a zero care build saxophone reminded me of a small thing.
        It was a new saxophone with a crook cork that was much too thick to put the accompanied MP on.
        It gave the impression that it was built to sell, not to play.

        • Nah, no reaction. I’m actually a little bit surprised. I thought my Conn-Selmer might send me a nasty-gram, or suggest that I just happened to try a Monday morning, or late Friday afternoon horn.

          That said, I don’t think the robots that build these things think about weekends off, or get so drunk over the weekend that they’re still suffering the effects on Monday morning. 😉

          • When I googled “Selmer TS400 Tenor review” this review came out as number 27.
            I guess Conn-Selmer does not react to keep it at 27 and hope students are bored after reading 26 reviews.
            The Conn-Selmer site came first with the sentence “Selmer will help you play like a pro right from the start”.
            If you really want that nasty-gram you could ad “review” to the title.

  2. This is a quality post Helen. I have long felt that starting a student on a used professional instrument is the way to go. Usually you can do that for the price of new student/intermediate instrument.

    • Thanks Gandalfe. Yup, I’m totally with you on the used professional instrument. Problem is, often you have to be patient until a good one—that isn’t too vintage—comes up. That’s how so many parents get sucked into the new horn cycle.

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