The VEB Blechblas- und Signal-Instrumenten-Fabrik (B&S), was created on January 1, 1953. It was formed through the merger of 3 VEBs: the Sächsische Musikinstrumentenfabrik (formerly Ernst Heß Nachf.); the Signal-Instrumenten-Fabrik Markneukirchen (Max B. Martin); and the Vogtländische Etuifabrik Adorf (Walther).
VEB means Volkseigener Betrieb, the legal form of an industrial enterprise in East Germany. These were publicly owned and were routinely combined with other organizational units called Kombinate. The English term for a VEB would be people-owned enterprise, or literally, National Corporation.1
In 1974 3 more firms came under the B&S umbrella, these were: Sonora (formerly Oscar Adler); Spezial-Holzblasinstrumente Markneukirchen (Mönnig); and Holzblasinstrumente Schöneck (G. H. Hüller). Finally in 1984, the 7th, and final, firm was added to B&S: Sinfonia.
This section of my site deals with the horns of the VEB Blechblas- und Signal-Instrumenten-Fabrik (B&S). Although the VEB made saxophones under a great many names—especially when it came to stencils—this section will focus on the main saxophones that B&S produced:
1 Source: The Free Dictionary